Electricity Distribution Six module Course

This unique six module Electricity Distribution course is designed to develop theoretical knowledge of electrical engineering obtained at college or university to an understanding of the practicalities of modern power distribution and the commercial, legal and technical factors that underpin them. All modules are fully accredited by the Energy Institute, an organisation incorporated by Royal Charter and licensed by the Engineering Council. Because they are distance learning, study may be commenced at any time.

The objective of this booklet is to provide today's engineer with useful technical information and as an aide-memoir when you need to refresh your memory. Conversions and formulas that are important and useful to the engineer, scientist and technician, independent of discipline, are covered in this useful booklet.

This handy booklet will be a valuable addition to anyone involved in the Electrical discipline. It covers key concepts, graphs and formulas related to Power Quality, Power Systems Protection and Substation Automation.

According to AXA Insurance, 80% of businesses affected by a major incident, either never re-open, or close within 18 months.

Having a robust disaster recovery and business continuity plan, minimises this impact on the business and ultimately, the customer. Therefore, not only is disaster recovery planning important for you, it is important for your customers.

Operating in a fiercely competitive industry means data centre operators are under enormous pressure to keep operating costs low and, in this environmentally conscious era, they are also under pressure to minimise the environmental impact of their operations. It is not hard to see that energy efficiency is the key to responding effectively to these pressures, but energy efficiency is not and can never be the sole goal of data centre operations. Data centre operators also want their systems to be readily scalable so that they can respond quickly and cost-effectively to the seemingly inexorable growth in demand for their services and, overarching all of these requirements is the need for near 100% availability.

Budgeting for electricity, securing adequate supplies of it and finding ways to use less of it are all common topics of conversation among data center operators. Ensuring that the power their IT resources rely on is both dependable and clean, sadly, can sometimes be an afterthought. In truth, however, power sags, surges and outages are not only unavoidable but more than capable of damaging valuable IT equipment and bringing productivity to a halt.

IT environments today are typically characterised by unpredictable data growth accompanied by equally hard to predict performance demands from users. Data centre operators faced with responding rapidly yet cost-effectively to these challenges are finding that legacy silo-based infrastructure no longer provides them with the flexibility that they need at a price that allows profitable operation. As a result, they are increasingly turning to converged infrastructure. Essentially modular, converged infrastructure provides those who adopt it with pre-integrated “building blocks” from which they can construct their data centres.

Server virtualisation empowers businesses to lower hardware spending, simplify administration and boost availability. It’s no surprise, then, that nearly 80 percent of server workloads supported by x86 hardware will be running on Virtual Machines (VMs) by 2016, according to analyst firm Gartner Inc. For IT and facilities managers, however, server virtualisation introduces both challenges and opportunities. In particular, while it makes preventing downtime during utility failures dramatically easier, provided your data centre is equipped with the proper power management software, it also adds new complexities to the demands of avoiding data loss during electrical outages when shutting down servers is unavoidable.

Cloud computing is generating enormous amounts of discussion and excitement in the world of corporate IT. Eager to drive efficiency up and costs down, organizations of every size and description are rapidly adopting Web-based software, platform and infrastructure solutions. Indeed, analyst firm International Data Corporation expects global spending by enterprises on cloud services to rise at a compound annual growth rate of 26 percent between 2009 and 2013, from $17.4 billion to $44.2 billion. Within a matter of years, experts predict, most businesses will utilize at least some cloud-based applications and services.

CUBIC is the globally recognized partner for enclosure solutions within all types of electrical switchboards. Our high quality solutions are used world-wide in all types of industry, and infrastructure.

At the heart of the CUBIC ideal is the CUBIC Global Training programme, which is made available to all within the Panelbuilders’ organisation. Close to 1000 individuals have so far completed the programme. The Galaxy software package facilitates design, pricing, parts lists, ordering and temperature rise calculations. A specific training module deals with the verification of assemblies to the IEC61439-2 Standard to maintain our partners position at the forefront of switchboard quality requirements.

Data centre systems or subsystems that are preassembled in a factory are often described with terms like prefabricated, containerized, modular, skid-based,

pod-based, mobile, portable, self-contained, all-in one, and more. There are, however, important distinctions between the various types of factory-built building blocks on the market. This paper proposes standard terminology for categorising the types of prefabricated modular data centers, defines and compares their key attributes, and provides a framework for choosing the best approach(es) based on business requirements.

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By Lapex Ltd

Enjoy a longer life from the comparable copper wound units Copper as well as aluminium oxidise over time. Aluminium oxide hinders chemical reaction of the metal with the conductor insulation. Aluminium oxide contributes as a good electrical insulator. However, Copper in contrast oxidises completely over time. Copper also acts as a mild catalyst, accelerates the decay of the insulation around the conductor. Therefore, aluminium wound transformers enjoy typically five years longer life than comparable copper wound units and avoid copper price escalation.

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